(1) JoyingBrescia was 8 years old when she noticed that cigarette butts (烟头) were littering her hometownbeach in Isle of Palms, South Carolina. When she learned that it takes fiveyears for the remains of a cigarette to disintegrate, she decided to takeaction. Joying launched a "No Butts on the Beach" campaign. Sheraised money and awareness about the need to keep the beaches clean. With thehelp of others, Joying also bought or received donations of gallon-size plasticice-cream buckets. The buckets were filled with sand and placed at allpublic-access areas of the beach. The buckets allowed people to dispose oftheir cigarettes before hitting the beach. Two years later. Joying says thebuckets are full and the beach is nearly free of cigarette debris (残片) .
(2) Peoplewho live in or visit Steamboat Springs, Colorado have Carter Dunham to thankfor a new state wildlife refuge that preserves 20 acres of marshland and manyspecies of wildlife.
Carter andother students wrote a management plan for the area around the Yampa River. Theplan was part of a class project when Carter was a freshman at SteamboatSprings High School. Working with the Colorado Division of Wildlife, Carter andhis classmates mapped the area and species of animals living there. They alsomade decisions about, among other things, where fences and parking areas shouldbe built.
(3) BarbaraBrown and her friends collect oil. It started as a project for their 4H Clubafter one of the girls noticed her father using motor oil to kill weeds ontheir farm in Victoria, Texas. They did some research and discovered that oilcan contaminate ground water, a real danger in rural areas, where people liveoff the water on their land. The girls researched ways to recycle oil andworked with a local oil-recycling company on the issue. Now, the "Don't BeCrude" program runs oil collection sites--tanks that hold up to 460gallons- where people in the community can dispose of their oil.
(4) Fiveyears ago, 11-year-old Ryan Hreljac was a little boy with a big dream: for allthe people in Africa to have clean drinking water. His dream began in the firstgrade when he learned that people were dying because they didn't have cleanwater, and that as little as $70 could build a well. "We really take waterfor granted," says Ryan, of Kemptville,Ontario, in Canada. "In othercountries, you have to plan for it." Ryan earned the first $70 by doingextra chores (零工) , but withthe help of others, he has since raised hundreds of thousands of dollars.
(5) Hisefforts led to the start of the Ryan's Well Foundation, which raises money forclean water and health-related services for people in African countries anddeveloping countries.
25.Paragraph 3 __________.
26.Paragraph 4 __________.
A. Provideclean water
B. Dig oilwells
C. Saveclean water
E. Don't becrude
27. Joyingplaced the buckets at all public-access areas to__________.
28. Peopleare grateful to Carter Dunham for his efforts to__________.
29. Disposedoil and many other items can be reused to__________.
30. Ryan,with the help of others, is fulfilling his dream ofhelp African peopleto__________.
A. make newmaterials
B. preservewetland and animals
C. haveclean air
D. haveclean water
E. collectcigarette butte
F. collectdespoiled oil