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专家解题:2012年职称英语考试理工类B级完形填空历年真题及答案解析3

来源:北京赛车投注 发布时间:2014-08-31

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文章摘要:专家解题:2012年职称英语考试理工类B级完形填空历年真题及答案解析3,当初那个队伍来着?总决赛第一节乐福被吹3和犯规,您在那里呢?选择性失明了。这比赛第一节火箭浪,第二节勇士浪,第三节火箭浪,第四节勇士浪,特么和四场球一样的节奏,按理来说下场球该火箭浪了。技能冷却时间,最近两场库里明显外线信心不足,以前能投的机会都往内线突,好好的远程射手天赋洗成近身刺客。,没有的只是“小时候”而不是“世界杯”,怀旧只是怀念自己逝去的青春而已。别动不动就说抹杀了谁90分钟的努力,说得好像对方就没有努力一样,当然,昨天的巴萨除外。大家想想,如果这个数不给点球会是什么情况?c罗抗议,被红牌下场,补时被尤文绝杀。最后皇马站在道德制高点,赢得了尊重同情,却输了欧冠!估计到时喷裁判的不比现在少。。

  考题类型:完形填空

  Climate Change Poses MajorRisks for Unprepared Cities

   A new examination of urbanpolicies has been carried recently by Patricia Romero Lankao. She is asociologist specializing in climate change and ______ (51) development. Shewarns that many of the world's fast-growing urban areas, especially indeveloping countries, will likely suffer from the______ (52) of changingclimate. Her work also concludes that most cities are failing to ______ (53)emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. These gases are knownto affect the atmosphere.  

   "Climate change is adeeply local issue and poses profound ______ (54) to the growing cities of theworld," says Romero Lankao. "But too few cities are developingeffective strategies to protect their residents."

   Cities are ______ (55)sources of greenhouse gases. And urban populations are likely to be among thosemost severely affected by future climate change. Lankao's findings highlightways in which city-residents are particularly vulnerable, and suggest policyinterventions(干预) that could offer immediate and longer-term ______ (56).

   The locations and denseconstruction patterns of cities often place their populations at greater ______(57) for natural disasters. Potential threats associated with climate includestorm surges and prolonged hot weather. Storm surges can flood coastal areasand prolonged hot weather can heat ______ (58) paved cities more than surroundingareas. The impacts of such natural events can be more ______ (59) in an urbanenvironment. For example, a prolonged heat wave can increase existing levels ofair pollution, causing widespread health problems. Poorer neighborhoods thatmay ______ (60) basic facilities such as drinking water or a dependable networkof roads, are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. Many residents inpoorer countries live in substandard housing ______ (61) access to reliabledrinking water, roads and basic services.

   Local governments,therefore, should take measures to ______ (62) their residents. Unfortunately,they tend to move towards rhetoric(言辞) ______ (63)meaningful responses," Romero Lankao writes. "They don't imposeconstruction standards that could reduce heating and air conditioning ______(64). They don't emphasize mass transit and reduce automobile use. In fact,many local governments are taking a hands-off approach." ______ (65), sheurges them to change their idle policies and to take strong steps to preventthe harmful effects of climate change on cities.

-

61. (  )

A. with      

B. without        

C. in            

D. on

 专家解题:

第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是介词,所以本题的重点是考查介词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

第二步:看横线61,横线61的句子是:Manyresidents in poorer countries five in substandard housing ______ (61) access toreliable drinking water, roads and basic services.  

第三步:最后看选项,选项A是有的意思,选项B是没有的意思,选项C是在…里面的意思,选项D是在…上面的意思,贫穷国家许多人住在不符合标准的房子里。下面提到reliable drinking water、roads和basicservices这些基础设施, 从上下文判断, 贫穷居民不会享有这些基础设施。所以本题的正确答案为B。

62. (  )

A. identify        

B. educate        

C. protect        

D. evaluate

 专家解题:

第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是动词,所以本题的重点是考查动词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

第二步:接下来看横线62,横线62的句子是:Localgovernments, therefore, should take measures to ______ (62) their residents.

第三步:最后看选项,选项A说的是识别的意思,选项B说的是教育的意思,选项C是保护的意思,选项D是评价的意思,这里说的是地方政府应该采取相应的对策以保护城镇居民,因此本题答案是C选项。

63. (  )

A. less than    

B. rather than    

C. more than    

D. better than

 专家解题:

第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是表示比较的词组,所以我们要重点看词组的词义和在句子中的使用。

第二步:看横线63,横线63的句子是:Unfortunately,they tend to move towards rhetoric ______(63) meaningful responses。

第三步:看选项,A选项意思表示更少,B选项表示而不是,C选项表示更多,D选项表示不同于。rhetoricresponses(言辞反应, 即用言语予以搪塞的反应)和meaningful responses(有意义的反应)是两种截然不同的反应。地方政府的反应是前者还是后者?随后的句子, 特别是a hands—off approach, 说明地方政府做出的是rhetoric responses, 而不是meaningful responses。所以本题要选rather than(而不是)。故本题的正确答案为B。

64. (  )

A. needs            

B. wastes        

C. areas            

D. resources

 专家解题:

第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是名词,所以我们要重点看名词的词义和在句子中的使用。

第二步:看横线64,横线64的句子是:Theydon't impose construction standards that could reduce heating and airconditioning ______ (64).句子意思是:题目没有带来可以降低对暖气和空调_____的建筑标准。

第三步:最后看选项,A选项表示需求,B选项表示废物,C选项表示区域,D选项表示资源;根据上下文,这里指的应该是“对暖气和空调需求的建筑标准”。所以本题的正确答案为A。

65. (  )

A. Still                

B. However      

C. Moreover              

D. Thus

 专家解题:

第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是关联词,所以本题的重点是考查关联词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

第二步:接下来看横线65,横线65的句子是:In fact,many local governments are taking a hands-off approach." ______ (65), sheurges them to change their idle policies and to take strong steps to preventthe harmful effects of climate change on cities.

第三步:最后看选项,A是仍然的意思,B是然而的意思,C是此外的意思,D是因此的意思,根据上下文,横线前面说政府采用放手政策,横线后说她强烈要求他们改变不作为的政策,两者之间是因果关系,所以符合逻辑和意思的只有选项D,因此本题的正确答案选D。

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