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专家解题:2012年职称英语考试理工类C级阅读理解历年真题及答案解析2

来源:北京赛车投注 发布时间:2014-08-31

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文章摘要:专家解题:2012年职称英语考试理工类C级阅读理解历年真题及答案解析2,说实话,从没看到乔丹或者科比出现这样的表情或动作。詹密别骂街,有话好好说。赢球迷,变形?迷,他们根本不明白什么叫忠诚,就和现在的社会一样,一群蛆一样的存在,还以为自己是懂球帝。球队这个决定没问题,猛龙账面和骑士相当有的打,临场指挥太差了,各种昏招。,去你妈,评价都是什么鬼?客场三球扳平,最后时刻判个点球谁能接受?何况又是可能最后一届的老将布冯!能不能有点人味,我操。台湾省的问题就是牛皮癣反反复复,需要针对性,用对药才能治愈。那还产生产歼20划算!歼16虽然进歩较大!但生存能力不强有浪费之感!有钱多生产轰20!一架轰20等于多少架歼16战力,战时歼20踹门,轰20跟上,完美组合。。

    考题类型:阅读理解

 Puerto Rican Cuisine(菜肴)

   Puerto Rico, a Caribbean (加勒比海区) islandrich in history and remarkable natural beauty, has a cuisine all its own.Immigration(移民) to the island has helped to shape its cuisine, with people from allover the world making various contributions to it. However, before the arrivalof these immigrants, the Taino people lived on the island of Puerto Rico. Tainocuisine included such foods as rodents (啮齿动物), freshshellfish and fish fried in corn oil.

   Many aspects of Tainocuisine continue today in Puerto Rican cooking, but it has been heavilyinfluenced by the Spanish, who invaded Puerto Rico in 1508, and Africans, whowere initially brought to Puerto Rico to work as slaves. Taino cooking styleswere mixed with ideas brought by the Spanish and Africans to create new dishes.The Spanish extended food choices by bringing cattle, pigs, goats, and sheep tothe island. Africans also added to the island's food culture by introducingpowerful, contrasting tastes in dishes. In fact, much of the food Puerto Ricois now famous for - coffee, coconuts, and oranges - was actually imported byforeigners to the island.

   A common assumption manypeople make about Puerto Rican food is that it is very spicy(辛辣的). It'strue that chili peppers are popular; aij caballero in particular is a very hotchili pepper that Puerto Ricans enjoy. However, milder(微辣的) tastesare popular too, such as sofrito. As the base of many Puerto Rican dishes,sofrito is a sauce made from chopped onions, green bell peppers, sweet chilipeppers, and a handful of other spices. It is fried in oil and then added toother dishes.

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36. Who lived in Puerto Rico first

A. the Africans.

B. the Spanish.

C. the Taino people.

D. the Americans.

 专家解题:

第一步:划出题干中的信息词:lived,Puerto Rico first。

第二步:根据信息词回归原文,定位到第一段第三句 However, before the arrival of these immigrants, the Taino peoplelived on the island of Puerto Rico.

第三步:对比题干和原文信息,原文中明确提到了在世界各个地方的移民达到Puerto Rico之前,最早在这里居住的人是the Taino people。C选项符合原文表述的意思,所以本题答案选择C选项。

37. In the first paragraph the word “it” refers to

A. Puerto Rican cuisine.

B. immigration.

C. Caribbean history.

D. the island’s natural beauty.

 专家解题:

第一步:这道题考查的是第一段中it这个词指代的内容,先找到it所在的位置,在第一段第二句:Immigration(移民) to the island has helped to shape its cuisine, with people from allover the world making various contributions to it.

第二步:分析本句中it指代的内容,前半句说的是迁往Puerto Rican这座岛上的移民推动形成了Puerto Rican cuisine的风格,全世界的人都对这个岛的菜系(cuisine)形成了影响。这个it其实指代的就是前面的its cuisine,也就是波多黎各菜系(Puerto Rican cuisine),A选项与原文相符。所以这道题的答案选择A选项。

38. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

A. Taino dishes are important in Puerto Rican cooking.

B. Food imported by foreigners isn’t really Puerto Rican.

C. Puerto Rican cooking has many outside influences.

D. African foods have probably had the most influence.

 专家解题:

第一步:根据题目的问题,这道题考查的是第二段的段落大意(main idea of the second paragraph)。

第二步:浏览第二段的内容,这一段的重复提到了两个表示地方的名词,Spanish和Africans。主要讲述了最开始在这里居住的是Taino人,但是随着殖民战争的开始,西班牙人(Spanish)带着大量非洲人(Africans)到达该岛,从而也对这个岛上菜系的形成造成了很大的影响。本段主要是在讲解外界影响(outside influences)对该岛菜系的形成。第一句中间也提到了it has been heavily influenced by the Spanish, who invaded PuertoRico in 1508, and Africans……指的就是外界因素对菜系风格的影响。比较四个选项,A选项说的是Taino人的菜品在波多黎各菜系中非常重要,这不是本段表述的核心意思,本段旨在表述外界的影响,所以不正确。B选项说的是从国外进口的食品不是真正的波多黎各菜,不正确。C选项说的是波多黎各菜系受了很多外界影响,正确。D选项说的是非洲菜可能对其形成有最大的影响,这个观点在本段没有提到,不正确。所以本题答案选择C选项。

39. How is sofrito used?

A. It is added to other dishes.

B. It is eaten before meals.

C. It is used where foods are too spicy.

D. It is eaten as a main dish.

 专家解题:

第一步:划出题干中的信息词:sofrito。

第二步:根据信息词回归原文,定位到最后一段最后两句:As the base of many Puerto Rican dishes, sofrito is a sauce made fromchopped onions, green bell peppers, sweet chili peppers, and a handful of otherspices. It is fried in oil and then added to other dishes.

第三步:对比题干和原文信息,原文明确说了sofrito是用来加在其他菜上面(added to other dishes)的酱料。A选项表述的意思和原文相符,所以这道题的答案选择A选项。

40. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Many people think Puerto Rican food is spicy.

B. Softito is a type of extremely spicy food.

C. Puerto Rican cuisine uses a lot of chili peppers.

D. Aij caballero is a type of chile pepper.

 专家解题:

第一步:这道题是一道三对一错题型,注意题干当中的NOT true,要求选出不正确的一项。题干无可用的信息词,先划出四个选项的信息词,A选项:Puerto Rican food is spicy;B选项:Softito;C选项:uses a lotof chili peppers;D选项:Aij caballero。

第二步:根据选项信息词回归原文,A选项定位到最后一段第一句many people make about Puerto Rican food is that it is very spicy(辛辣的),说明PuertoRican food确实是偏辣的,正确。B选项说Softito是一种特别辣的食物,原文最后一段第三句说了 However, milder(微辣的) tastes are popular too, such as sofrito.也就是说sofrito是一种微辣的食物,而不是特别辣的,所以不正确。C选项说Puerto Rican才用了很多辣椒胡椒之类的辣的东西做菜,这在最后一段第二句就说了It's true that chili peppers are popular,所以正确。D选项在最后一段第二句后半部分也提到了aij caballero in particular is a very hot chili pepper that PuertoRicans enjoy.也正确。所以本题答案选择B选项。

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